We are excited to announce the Opening of our Hebrew Bible Academy in March 2022

Did you ever want to discover the difference between the original language of the Old Testament and the translations?

We are happy to announce the Opening of our Academy in March 2022: www.academy.hebrew-bible.net

What benefits will you get from our Hebrew Bible Academy?

In our lessons, supported by written material, we’ll focus on the language, without referring to any conventional religion. After all, a religion is already an interpretation. In each lesson we’ll choose a passage, delve into ways of looking at words, structure, and story so that YOU can seek your truth.

In our Hebrew Bible Academy lessons you will get to know the original Hebrew text so that you can seek YOUR truth, completely unrelated to any religion.
Course overview The Hebrew Bible Academy: The original Hebrew Story of Cain and Abel 1 - 4, starting on 17 March 2022

Join our interactive lessons and find out what was lost in translation. Don’t miss the time-limited Opening Discount of 20 % and enrol until 31 March 2022.

Our courses are limited to 12 participants to keep the lessons interactive.

Upcoming events: Interactive Live Online Lessons of The Story of Cain and Abel 1 - 4, from 17 March 2022 - 7 April 2022

Did Lot Meet Angels?

Sodom and Gomorrah #8 (Genesis 19:1)

We have now finished with the trial of Sodom and Gomorrah, and we already know that God condemned the cities to imminent destruction. We move from the scene of the trial to Sodom itself, where Lot, Abraham’s brother’s son, has made his home. This is where he met the angels. But is it what they were?

Lot meets the angels / messengers at the gate of Sodom

Discussion

Sodom is a town near the Dead Sea in the middle of the desert. It is the lowest city in the world, and one of the hottest. In summer temperatures can rise above 45oC (113oF). In winter it can be in the mid 30soC (90oF). With such temperatures you do not leave your home during the day. But when evening falls, everyone goes out to breath the fresh air, do their errands, meet other people, and socialise.  The gates of the city, where merchants and visitors enter before the night, is where all action happens. It is where the hotels and the markets are. This is where Lot is spending his evening, maybe for pleasure, maybe waiting for new potential customers or suppliers to enter the city. The Bible does not tell us the reason he is there.

Scholars are not certain where Sodom was and suggest a few alternatives as can be seen in the map
Where scholars believe Sodom might have been.
The landscape around the location of the city of  Sodom
The landscape around Sodom

The gate of Sodom is where Lot meets the two messengers. We do not know who they are. Many suggest that they are two of the three that visited Abraham in Genesis 18. But we do not know for sure. The Bible does not tell us.

Are they angels, that is celestial beings, as many translations suggest?

We do not know that either. The Hebrew word used here is ΧžΦ·ΦΌΧœΦ°ΧΦΈΧ›Φ΄Χ™Χ. This word can be translated either as angels, or, more often, as messengers. As we can see, for example, in Genesis 32:4.

image 4 Lot,Genesis,did Lot meet angels

But even if they were Angels, did Lot know they were?

The next portion of the verse Χ•Φ·Χ™Φ·ΦΌΧ¨Φ°ΧΧœΧ•ΦΉΧ˜ is commonly translated as and Lot saw. If you believe that this translation is correct then we have no indication whether Lot recognised the messengers as anything other than normal people.

However, there is another way to translate the word וַיַּרְא and this is To become afraid or fearful.

These are two different translations, each gives a different meaning to Lots following action. In the first, he bows down with his face to the ground. If he did that without knowing who they were, we learn of Lot as a respectful, welcoming person, a person who cares about other people, whoever they might be. On the other hand, if he recognised them as more than human, we learn nothing about his personality, and how he views other people. After all, there is no righteousness in doing the right thing out of fear.

But whether or not Lot recognised who they is also important, as we will see later in the chapter, to understanding the people of Sodom and their sins. So lets keep this point in mind, when we continue reading the rest of the chapter.

The Bible does not tell us which of the two interpretation is the right one. Do you have any clue that makes you prefer one interpretation over the other?  

Did Abraham Fail His Case? What is a Failure?

Sodom and Gomorrah #7 (Genesis 18:29-33)

Abraham continues to negotiate with God about how many righteous people will save Sodom and Gomorrah. This finishes when he realises that there are not enough righteous people to save the cities. Was all his effort in vain?        

Absolutely not. At minimum the trial gave us a guide to how to run a just trial. It also taught us about collateral damage. But even more, as we will see soon, Abraham’s efforts saved Lot and his family.       

As the structure of the sentences in this paragraph repeat, and are the same as that of verse 28 (which we covered in our previous post) this time I will not focus on the wording and structure. Instead, I will only translate without focusing on individual words.

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